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Injury and Violence Prevention


  • Are the leading cause of death and disability for the people of Washington State, ages 1-44.
  • Remain a huge cause of death and disability throughout the life span.
  • Kill more Americans ages 1-44 than all diseases combined.
  • Do not occur at random.
  • Occur in highly predictable patterns, with recognizable risk factors among identifiable populations.
  • Cost an average of $1.1 million in medical and lost productivity for each injury death in Washington State.


  • Can lead to life-long mental and physical health problems
  • Increases the risk of being a victim or perpetrator of further violence
  • Is the sixth leading cause of injury among Americans
  • Costs the United States $168 billion per year in medical expenses and lost productivity
  • Is a learned behavior
  • Is preventable

What is Injury?

In public health practice, injury is damage or harm to the body resulting in impairment or destruction of health. Examples of physical injury include broken bones, cuts, brain damage, spinal cord injury, poisoning and burns. Physical injury results from harmful contact between people, objects or substances in the environment. Injury can be unintended or, in the case of violence, intended.

What is Violence?

Violence is the intentional use of power or force against oneself or another person that is likely to result in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation. Violence may be physical, psychological or sexual. Examples of violence include sexual harassment and assault, suicide, domestic violence and bullying.